From: Publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media in Europe
Publishing, printing and the reproduction of recorded media (NACE Rev. 1.1 Division 22) generated EUR 97 billion of value added in the EU-27 in 2006, representing 1.7 % of the non-financial business economy total. However, in employment terms this sector’s contribution was smaller as 219 900 enterprises employed some 1.8 million people, equal to 1.4 % of the non-financial business economy’s workforce. Several activities are involved in this sector with quite different processes. A distinction can be made between printing which produces goods, publishing which provides services, and newer activities such as the reproduction of CDs/DVDs. This sector has been revolutionised by changes in information technologies more than many other industrial processes, creating a number of electronic alternatives to traditional printing and at the same time enabling smaller and more flexible print-runs.