Citizens of European countries account for the majority of the foreign population in EU-27 in 2008
The population of the European Union (EU) has increased significantly in recent years. This trend is mainly due to a relatively high net migration rate, which in 2008 was almost three times higher than the rate of natural population growth. Migration plays a significant role in population dynamics of European societies, so quantifying the non-national population residing in the countries of the EU is important.
Events, such as wars and civil conflicts, lie behind the significant number of refugees and emigrants from Iraq to Denmark and Sweden, and from the former Yugoslavian countries to Austria, Slovenia and Germany.