Wednesday, March 31, 2010

The Economist is using eXplorer's novel Storytelling technique for time animated news on their web site


the economist eXplorer

NCVA introduces dynamic visualization for official statistics in digital media based on richer and more dynamic web application user interfaces and its increasing role in worldwide dissemination such as international comparisons of economies and societies and here applied by the Economist.

Sweden highest proportion of renewables in energy consumption in EU

Sustainable development - Sustainable transport

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Data from July 2009, most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Database.
This article provides an overview of statistical data on sustainable development in the areas of transport. They are based on the set of sustainable development indicators the European Union (EU) agreed upon for monitoring its sustainable development strategy. Together with similar indicators for other areas, they make up the report 'Sustainable development in the European Union - 2009 monitoring report of the EU sustainable development strategy', which Eurostat draws up every two years to provide an objective statistical picture of progress towards the goals and objectives set by the EU sustainable development strategy and which underpins the European Commission’s report on its implementation. 


Analysis
Consumption of renewables has grown over the last decade but the share remains far from the target
During the 1990s the consumption of renewable energies in the EU-27 increased significantly and has continued to grow between 2000 and 2007. Th is resulted in a share of 7.8 % in 2007 which remains, however, substantially below the 12 % target for 2010. Even if the highest annual change of 8.3 % between 2006 and 2007 continued, the share of renewables would remain below the target.
Biomass is by far the most important renewable energy source, delivering almost 70 % of the total renewable energy in 2007 and having the fastest growing share. Hydro power is second in importance even though both its share and its absolute contribution have diminished between 2000 and 2007 due to a series of several very dry years. Wind and geothermal are still minor contributors and, although their absolute growth rates are increasing rapidly, their shares are only growing slowly.
 
Share of renewables in gross inland energy consumption, EU - Source: Eurostat (tsdcc110)

The proportion of renewables in gross inland energy consumption in 2007 varied widely between Member States. It ranged from 2.1 % in the UK to 29.7 % in Latvia and 30.9 % in Sweden, reflecting differences in resource base, mainly in respect to hydropower capacity and availability of biomass.
Biomass is the predominant renewable source, across all Member States, representing 5.4 % of EU-27 consumption in 2007. It provides 24.6 % of the gross inland energy consumption in Latvia, 19.3 % in Finland and 19.4 % in Sweden. Most of this is wood. In six Member States more than 90 % of renewable energy is derived from biomass. It is also the fastest growing share amongst renewable sources, due to the fact that biomass can be used in all three end-use sectors: power generation, transport and heating.
Second in overall importance is hydropower, which, however, not only decreased its share from 1.8 % to 1.5 % over the period 2000 to 2007 due to several very dry years, but also decreased in absolute terms. Wind and geothermal, whose shares have been growing at a very modest pace, are still relatively minor sources, together representing only 0.8 % of EU-27 energy consumption in 2007. In absolute terms, however, wind power capacity has been growing rapidly. It is now a significant renewable energy source in Spain, Denmark and Germany, where it makes up 22 %, 17 % and 12 % of renewables, respectively. Geothermal, generally another minor source, is the most important renewable energy source in Italy, where it represented 39 % of renewable energy in 2007. Solar energy remains the least important of all renewable energies in terms of its contribution. It represents 0.1 % of EU-27 gross inland energy consumption and 1.2 % of renewables, but its growth in absolute terms is impressive and solar energy constitutes an important renewable energy source in Cyprus and, to a lesser extent, in Greece with shares of 83 % and 10 % of total renewable energy.
 
Share of renewables in gross inland energy consumption, by country, 2007 (%) - Source: Eurostat (tsdcc110)

Measures aimed at reducing the growth in gross inland energy consumption, for example through energy savings and improving energy efficiency, will also influence the growth rate of this indicator.

Indicator relevance
Renewable energy sources are important for reducing the EU’s dependence on imported fossil fuels and cutting greenhouse gas emissions and other pollutants. In addition, a more mature market for renewable energy technologies is expected to bring about a number of social and economic benefits, including regional and local development opportunities, export opportunities and employment.
Two targets with different time horizons guide the EU effort to expand renewable capacity: the 1997 White Paper’s goal to double the use of renewables in the European Union from 6 to 12 % between 1996 and 2010, and the 20 % renewables target for 2020 established in the recent Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of renewable energy. The 2010 target is set as percentage share of renewables in gross inland energy consumption. The 2020 target is defined as share of energy from renewable sources in gross final consumption and will require a different indicator [1].
Unlike the indicative target set for 2010, the 20 % target set for 2020 is binding for all Member States. An effort sharing agreement regulates how much each Member State needs to contribute, with the target depending on the Member State’s current share of renewables, its resource base and its wealth. National targets range from 10 % for Malta up to 49 % for Sweden

Unemployment in Sweden close below EU average

Thursday, March 18, 2010

Shares of road traffic by type of vehicle

From: Road traffic volumes in 2008 

The publication presents the outcome of the voluntary collection on road traffic data for the reference year 2008.




Monday, March 15, 2010

Swedish unemployment close to EU average and low in long-term unemployed

From: One in three unemployed persons in the EU have been jobless for over a year

Long term unemployment set to rise in the aftermath of the crisis 

While there is hope of economic recovery as output starts growing again, the effects of the crisis on the European labour market are far from over. In 2009Q3, the ranks of the unemployed increased to around 21.4 million in the EU. Many of them lost their job in the past 12 months. But with fewer jobs on offer, the risk of staying unemployed for over a year is real for a substantial number of people. This could result in more social exclusion and poverty. Recent data (third quarter of 2009) from the European Labour Force Survey (LFS) are used to analyse unemployment in the different population groups in terms of duration. The data are supplemented by seasonally adjusted monthly data on unemployment and quarterly data on job vacancies, to give a more complete picture. This publication is the third in a series analysing the effects of the current economic crisis on the labour market in Europe. 



Denmark, Finland and Sweden show high shares of their unemployed to be in unemployment for less than 6 months, as a result of the recent increase of unemployment. At present, there is also only a small number of long-term unemployed in these countries.

Wednesday, March 10, 2010

Statistics for a changing Europe: Google Public Data Explorer in Labs



Monday, March 8, 2010 | 9:17 PM

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Eurostat has one of the toughest jobs on the planet. It's tasked with organising, cross-referencing and making available the millions of different official data sets that are generated by a union of 495m people in 27 countries - everything from birth and mortality rates, hotel rooms per country and books read per capita to government finance trends and consumer confidence indices.

Tuesday, March 9, 2010

Highest increase in nights spent in hotels in Sweden

From: Summer season tourism trends in 2009

The annual Data in Focus "Summer tourism trends" provides information on the number of nights spent in hotels and similar establishments in the EU and EFTA countries and on the net occupancy of these establishments during the summer months (from June to September). 




The decrease is most pronounced for the nights spent by non-residents (-7.3%) with all Member States but Sweden reporting a contraction.

Monday, March 8, 2010

Swedish women: High internet activity and small difference in life expectancy compared with men

From: International Women’s Day: A statistical perspective on women and men in the EU27

Life expectancy for women in 2008 ranged between 77.0 years in Bulgaria and 84.9 years in France (in 2007), and was higher than for men in all Member States. In 2008, the largest differences in life expectancy between women and men, of around eleven years, were found in Lithuania (77.6 years for women and 66.3 years for men), Estonia (79.5 and 68.7) and Latvia (77.8 and 67.0), and the smallest, of around four years, in the Netherlands (82.5 and 78.4), Sweden (83.3 and 79.2) and the United Kingdom (81.8 and 77.6 in 2007). On average in the EU27 in 2007, life expectancy at birth was 82.2 years for women and 76.1 years for men, a difference of 6.1 years.

In 2009, more than half of women (55%) aged 16 to 74 in the EU27 used the internet in the last three months for sending or receiving e-mails, compared with 60% of men. The highest rates for women were found in Sweden (83%), the Netherlands (82%) and Denmark (80%).

Less than one third of women (30%) in the EU27 used the internet for banking, compared with 35% of men. The largest proportions of women were observed in Finland (72%), the Netherlands and Sweden (both 69%).

In 2009, the internet was used by 15% of both women and men in the EU27 to look for a job or to send a job application. Denmark (27%) had the highest rate for women, followed by Finland (26%), Latvia, Sweden and the United Kingdom (all 23%).

Wednesday, March 3, 2010

Swedish inflation in January higher than EU and Euro area

From: Harmonized indices of consumer prices – January 2010

This Data in Focus is the monthly publication of Harmonized Indices of Consumer Prices (HICP) for January 2010. The DIF contains indices and rates of change for individual MSs, the EU, the EEA and the euro area. It also includes a graph showing the annual inflation in all Member States in ascending order as well as a table with the indices for the most frequently consulted special aggregates (like"energy", "all-items excluding tobacco", etc…)

Monday, March 1, 2010

Sweden recovered top position (second) in share of organic farming area, decreased in share of producers and reported biggest increases for cattle

From: Area under organic farming increased by 7.4% between 2007 and 2008 in the EU-27

 The increase of 7.4 % in the total area under organic farming between 2007 and 2008 illustrates the continuing positive trend in the organic sector in EU-27. In 2007, the area under organic farming accounted for 4.1 % of the Total Utilised Agricultural Area. Between 2007 and 2008, the number of producers (agricultural holdings) using organic farming methods within EU-27 rose by 9.5 %. Cattle and sheep are the most popular species reared using such methods. The main industrial activities in the organic sector are the processing and preserving of meat and the production of meat products as well as the processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables. The aim of this publication is to describe the situation of the organic sector in 2008 and the more recent developments, paying particular attention to organic farming. Wherever possible, it also includes comparisons with and references to agriculture as a whole. 


In Denmark and Sweden which had seen decreases during the period 2003 to 2005, the percentage share of organic area started to pick up again, increasing from 4.9 % to 5.1 % in Denmark and from 7.0 % to 9.9 % in Sweden. Austria, with 15.7 % of the total agricultural area, remained in the lead.


Although the share of organic producers in total agricultural holdings within the EU-27 showed only a very slight increase between 2005 and 2007 (from 1.2 % to 1.3%), nearly all Member States posted an upward trend. This was similar to the situation in the areas under organic production. In 2007, Bulgaria, Ireland, Cyprus, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Romania and Slovakia each accounted for a share of less than 1%. Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Austria and Finland posted shares over 5%, while Austria led with 12.1%. Only Sweden and Finland reported a fall in their shares, although Finland still managed to reach 5.9%. In Norway, too, the share was slightly over 5% (see Figure 8).


The developments in the individual Member States from 2007 to 2008 differed according to the species. Romania and Finland recorded large increases in the number of organically farmed sheep (103.0% respectively 88.1%), while Poland, Sweden and the United Kingdom had the biggest increases of all Member States for cattle (31.7%, 28.9% and 27.6%).