Thursday, October 27, 2011

Sweden high GDP per capita, small regional differences and strong economic growth in north and weak in south

From Eurostat: GDP at regional level 

Map 1: Gross domestic product (GDP) per inhabitant, in purchasing power standard (PPS), by NUTS 2 - Source: Eurostat (nama_r_e2gdp
Map 1 shows per-inhabitant GDP (as a percentage of the EU-27 average of 25 100 PPS) for the European Union, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Turkey, which has, after a lengthy interruption, again provided data (for the reference years 2004–06) in line with the European system of national and regional accounts (ESA95) Data Transmission Programme.
The regions with the highest per-inhabitant GDP are in southern Germany, the south of the UK, northern Italy and Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Austria, Ireland and Scandinavia. The regions around certain capitals, Madrid, Paris, Praha and Bratislava, also fall into this category. The weaker regions are concentrated in the southern, south-western and south-eastern periphery of the Union, in eastern Germany and the new Member States, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Turkey.
Figure 1: Gross domestic product (GDP) per inhabitant, in purchasing power standard (PPS), highest and lowest NUTS 2 region within each country, 2008 (in % of the EU-27 average, EU-27=100) - Source: Eurostat (nama_r_e2gdp)
There are also substantial regional differences within countries themselves, as Figure 1 shows. In 2008, the highest per-inhabitant GDP was more than twice the lowest in 13 of the 23 countries examined here with several NUTS 2 regions. This group includes seven of the nine new Member States/candidate countries, but only six of the 14 EU-15 Member States.
The largest regional differences are in Turkey, where there is a factor of 4.9 between the highest and lowest values, and in the United Kingdom and Romania, with factors of 4.8 and 3.9 respectively. The lowest values are in Slovenia, Ireland and Sweden, with factors of 1.4, 1.6 and 1.6. Moderate regional disparities in per-inhabitant GDP (i.e. factors of less than 2 between the highest and lowest values) are found only in EU-15 Member States, plus Slovenia and Croatia.
Map 2: Change of gross domestic product (GDP) per inhabitant, in purchasing power standard (PPS), by NUTS 2 regions, 2008 as compared with 2000 (in percentage points of the average EU-27) - Source: Eurostat (nama_r_e2gdp)
Map 2 shows the extent to which per-inhabitant GDP changed between 2000 and 2008, compared with the EU-27 average (expressed in percentage points of the EU-27 average). Economically dynamic regions, whose per-inhabitant GDP increased by more than 3 percentage points compared with the EU average, are shown in green. By contrast, less dynamic regions (those with a fall of more than 3 percentage points in per-inhabitant GDP compared with the EU-27 average) are shown in orange and red. The range is from + 58 percentage points for Bratislavský kraj (Slovakia) to – 40 percentage points for Brussels in Belgium.
The map shows that economic dynamism is well above average in the south-western, eastern and northern peripheral areas of the EU, not just in EU-15 countries but particularly in new Member States, Croatia and some regions of Turkey.
Among the EU-15 Member States, strong growth is particularly evident in Spain, parts of the Netherlands and Greece, as well as the north of Finland and Sweden. On the other hand, weak growth that started several years ago is persisting in several EU-15 countries. Italy and France have been particularly badly hit. Not a single region achieved the EU-27 average growth rate during the eight-year period 2000–08. Performance has also been weak in a number of regions of Germany, Portugal, Sweden and the UK. Ireland is a special case. Due to the economic and financial crisis, both NUTS 2 regions fell back to the levels of 2001, i.e. by 15 percentage points, during the year 2008.

Tuesday, October 25, 2011

Sweden number four in broadband penetration

Survey of Sweden Official Statistics

Translation by Google Translate:
Fi 2011:05 Statistics Survey

Committee ChairBengt Westerberg
Secretary: Sofia Tollgerdttel +468-405 90 24
Secretary: Svante Erikssontel +468-405 14 28
E-mail: firstname.lastname @

Directive 2011:32 (link to Ministry of Finance, Swedish page)
The study estimated finish its work on 10 December 2012.

Monday, October 24, 2011

Estonia and Sweden were the only EU countries to have registered a budget surplus in 2010

Nina Kolyako, BC, Riga, 24.10.2011.Print version
Latvia's national budget deficit of 8.3% of gross domestic product in 2010 was the sixth highest deficit among all European Union member states, the EU statistical office Eurostat said. On the other hand, Estonia and Sweden were the only EU countries to have registered a budget surplus in 2010 – both 0.2% of GDP.

Estonia and Sweden registered a budget surplus in 2010 – both 0.2% of GDP. In 2009, Estonia registered a budget deficit of 1.7% of GDP, writes LETA.

Wednesday, October 19, 2011

Regions in the European Union

Regions in the European Union - Nomenclature of territorial units for statistics - NUTS 2010/EU-27

This document presents the current NUTS nomenclature, which subdivides the territory of the European Union into 97 regions at NUTS level 1, 270 at NUTS level 2 and 1 294 at NUTS level 3. The NUTS is the official division of the EU for regional statistics. The regional breakdown can be visualised on maps, country by country.

Tuesday, October 18, 2011

UNDP: Sweden ranks of 9 out of 169 countries on Human Development Index


Country profile of human development indicators


Life expectancy at birth (years)81.3
Mean years of schooling (of adults) (years)11.6
GNI per capita (2008 PPP US$) LN10.5
Inequality-adjusted HDI value0.824
Multidimensional poverty index (k greater than or equal to 3)n.a.
Gender Inequality Index, value0.212
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)20.5
Human Security
Refugees (thousands)0.0
Composite indices
HDI value0.885
Human Development Index

Human Development Index: Trends 1980 - present


The Human Development Index - going beyond income

Each year since 1990 the Human Development Report has published the Human Development Index (HDI) which was introduced as an alternative to conventional measures of national development, such as level of income and the rate of economic growth. The HDI represents a push for a broader definition of well-being and provides a composite measure of three basic dimensions of human development: health, education and income. Between 1980 and 2010 Sweden's HDI rose by 0.5% annually from 0.773 to 0.885 today, which gives the country a rank of 9 out of 169 countries with comparable data. The HDI of OECD as a region increased from 0.723 in 1980 to 0.853 today, placing Sweden above the regional average. The HDI trends tell an important story both at the national and regional level and highlight the very large gaps in well-being and life chances that continue to divide our interconnected world. Learn more

Human Development Index: Health, Education and Income