Tuesday, June 26, 2012

Eurostat - Comparative price levels in 37 European countries: Sweden 28 percent above EU average

From Eurostat
In 2011, price levels for consumer goods and services differed widely across Europe. Among the EU Member States, in Sweden (SE) consumer prices were 28 % higher (fourth in rank) than the EU average, while the cheapest country was Bulgaria (49% below the average).
Source: Eurostat (online data code: prc_ppp_ind)
For the country codes, please refer to the methodological notes

Wednesday, June 20, 2012

European population statistics at regional level

The population was growing 2010 at its most rapid pace in most regions in Belgium, eastern Ireland, northern Italy, in Luxembourg, as well as certain regions in Spain, France and the United Kingdom, while the crude rate of population growth was also above the EU-27 average in most regions of the Netherlands, Finland and Sweden, as well as in Malta.

Data from February 2012. Most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database.

Calculating vulnerability indices - Significance Magazine

Robert Woods
Published in Significance Magazine: Jun 20, 2012

One story dominates international news this week, with another trailing. The trailer is the 20th anniversary of the Rio Earth Summit, which is being marked by a United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development conference – they are calling it Rio Plus 20 - in the same city. Hilary Clinton is attending, British Prime Minister David Cameron is not but is sending his deputy Nick Clegg instead. The big story, though, remains Greece, Spain, and the troubles of the Eurozone. 

Note: Index based on estimated productivity, employment rate, high education rate
and low education rate in 2020.

Potential regional effects

Globalisation brings ever faster change to which people and firms need to respond. There is a risk that globalisation will encourage further consolidation of path dependency at regional level. The high productivity growth rates seen in a number of regions will help consolidate their economies in a more favourable competitive situation. In contrast, as the comparative advantages of low-cost, low-wage production methods continue to shift to emerging economies, regions lacking the capacity to develop a knowledge-based economy are likely to become more exposed. A well educated workforce provides the necessary flexibility and mobility to actively counter negative effects of globalisation. Low employment rates and educational levels may increase the risk of growing social polarisation within regions.

Yet, there are many regions in the Union which are competitive and innovative, and which benefit from globalisation. This has been achieved by investing in advanced sectors with high productivity, by building up new skills and/or attracting new reservoirs of talent, and by promoting innovation potential through clusters, networks and through the strategic use of ICT. It is by better analysing and building on these development strategies that regions will be able to mobilise their potential and place their economy on a high-growth, sustainable development path.

By Priyantha Wijayatunga

As the name suggests any vulnerability index should give a measure, preferably an objective one, about the vulnerability of an entity to a certain situation or condition. There are many vulnerability indices being used today and the Economic Vulnerability Index is just one used by the United Nations...
Read more....

Tuesday, June 19, 2012

Low entrepreneurship in Sweden

Google Translation: Low entrepreneurship in Sweden



Each year presents GEM, Global Entrepreneurship monitor. It is a survey that measures the levels of entrepreneurship in different countries. Sweden is unfortunately far down the list. Among the 23 comparable countries, Sweden is in location 17 in terms of how many people are starting or own and manage a new business.

Last year, 3.5 percent of the population aged 18-64 years in the process of starting a business. At the same time was just over two percent of the population of the same age group the owner of a new business. This gives an average measure of entrepreneurial activity at 5.8 percent. While this represents an increase since 2010 but still puts Sweden in a modest 17th place out of 23 comparable countries. The countries in a worse position than Sweden, Slovenia, Japan, Germany, France and Belgium. Tops the list makes the U.S., Australia and the Netherlands.

Entrepreneurial Activity

Percentage of population aged 18-64 who are starting or running a new business, 2011, percent

Thursday, June 14, 2012

Why measure subjective well-being? - OECD Observer

Why measure subjective well-being? - OECD Observer


The search for measures of progress that might replace GDP is a timely and necessary one, but only a single metric will do the trick. 
What an achievement! Only eight years ago the OECD first asked “What is progress?”. Since then we have had three major OECD conferences on the subject and now a major OECD initiative on the international measurement of subjective well-being. Last year Britain became the first advanced country to take its own measurements, and there is worldwide demand for an alternative to GDP as a way of assessing how we are doing.
But what should the alternative be? Until now both the OECD and the UK government have, probably wisely, been pulling their punches. They have been saying that many things are important–subjective well-being, yes, but also education, health, law and order, governance, income, and so on. Visitors to the OECD Better Life Initiative website are invited to choose their own weights in deciding how much each of these matter. But, if so, what is happening may not make much difference. After all, we have had the Social Indicators movement for about fifty years, during which time the grip of GDP as the talisman of national performance became ever stronger. We shall only displace the use of GDP by providing a single, convincing alternative.

Read more....

Government debt as percent of GDP

Government debt as percent of GDP 
General government debt as percent of Gross Domestic Product.
Data from Eurostat
Last updated: Jun 13, 2012
More info »

Sweden ranks 52 on Happy Planet Index Score

 Back to the data
HPI score
Ranked #52 of 151
Click a component
Experienced well-being
Ranked #6 of 151
Life expectancy
Ranked #9 of 151
Ecological Footprint
Ranked #134 of 151
  Sweden achieves a Happy Planet Index Score of 46.2 and ranks #52 of all the countries analysed.

Sweden's HPI score reflects a high life expectancy and very high levels of experienced well-being, but is brought down by a very high ecological footprint.

Other statistics

GDP per capita ($PPP):
39,024 (just over 80% of the USA's)
9.4 million (#85 of 151)
Land area (square km):
410 thousand (#55 of 151)
Population density (people per square km):
22.9 (#120 of 151)
Governance Ranking (WGI):

Sweden ranked 21 worldwide in Economic Freedom

Link: http://www.heritage.org/index/country/sweden#

OECD: Labour force participation 15-24 years, 2010

Which country has the highest number of women in the labour force? the OECD's interactive graph lets you filter by age and gender - you may be surprised at the results.

More alternatives and complete diagram at original site: Labour force participation by gender and age, 2010

AustraliaAustriaBelgiumCanadaChileCzech RepublicDenmarkEstoniaEuropeEuropean Union 15European Union 21FinlandFranceG7 countriesGermanyGreeceHungaryIcelandIrelandIsraelItalyJapanKoreaLuxembourgMexicoNetherlandsNew ZealandNorth AmericaNorwayOceaniaOECD countriesPolandPortugalRussian FederationSlovak RepublicSloveniaSpainSwedenSwitzerlandTurkeyUnited KingdomUnited States0502575100Labour force participation rate
Notes: Information on data for Israel: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932315602 .
To toggle data series on and off, click on them in the legend.
Source: OECD (2012), OECD.Stat , data extracted 12 March.
Full list |  Next visualisation

Tuesday, June 12, 2012

NcomVA: Sweden eXplorer and others based on international statistics - latest versions

The animation below shows the indicator population 65 + over a period 1990-2008 compared to the age group 0-14 years. Four municipalities, Gothenburg, Malmö, Umeå and Simrishamn are selected. The histogram shows the ranking of municipalities with a high proportion of older people. Simrishamn is the only municipality in southern Sweden with a high percentage. Open well and Parallel Axes and watch how these regions relate to one another. The Distribution Plot, here are the productive environment for the respective Counties. Mönsterås has the best business climate. Solna is also a high proportion of well-educated. Sickness rate from the National Insurance for 2006-2010 shows a clear decrease in recent years. Click on underlined Swedish text in the story-telling box of the diagram for examples of different interactive views.


International statistics:
World eXplorer
OECD Regional eXplorer
Euro eXplorer
Euro eXplorer with Google background

Economist: Fun with pensions

From Economist: Fun with pensions

Jun 11th 2012, 15:48 by The Economist online
The burden of increased longevity in the rich world
ON JUNE 6th François Hollande, France's new president, unveiled plans to reverse a planned rise in the official retirement age to 62. In most other countries the trend is in the other direction. According to a new report from the OECD, increases in the official retirement age are planned or underway in 28 out of its 34 member countries. As can be seen from the chart below, pensionable ages have failed to keep pace with longevity. This comes at an increasing cost to the state. The OECD expects governments' expenditure on pensions to rise from 8.4% to 11.4% of GDP between 2010 and 2050. And in most countries people retire earlier than the official retirement age. In 1970 the average Frenchman entering retirement could expect to live for just over ten years. Now he could expect to live for 23.